A Brief Introduction to Military Coins

Military coins have been around for some quite time now. More and more people have begun to realize just how valuable they are and how fun it can be to collect them.

Despite the growth in popularity, there are still plenty of people out there who are still clueless on what it is exactly that makes such collectibles so special. Understanding coins doesn’t take a certain expertise or specialization. All it takes is a little bit of time and effort to read on some of the more important things.

Below is a short and concise introduction to military coins, their history, how to collect them, and the things involved in maintaining them.

Where do these coins come from?

The history of challenge coins is quite long and confusing. www.challenge Coins4Less.com shows a distinguished history of producing custom coins of outstanding quality. Long because these coins have been around since the First World War. Confusing because most people don’t really know which one is the real origin story.

Military CoinsPerhaps the earliest example of a challenge coin was the ones that the Romans used to hand out. After a successful campaign, the Romans would each give their legionnaires a coin for their service. The coin was more of a token than real payment since legionnaires were given salaries.

There are various stories connecting modern military coins to World War I. Story goes that a rich lieutenant decided to have coins made for his men to commemorate his unit. When one of the members of this unit found himself behind enemy lines, he had to make his way back to allied controlled territory. He had nothing on him to identify himself to the French since the Germans took his identification papers, but was instead identified as a friendly because of his challenge coin.

Why people collect them

There are a wide variety of reasons why people collect these coins. The main reason is that these coins hold sentimental value. To have a challenge coin is like possessing the membership badge of someone who belongs to a particular unit.

Then there are those who collect coins simply because they look cool. Challenge coins come in a large variety of different designs. Whichever coin it might be though, challenge coins often have a very striking design that’s sure to hold someone’s attention.

Some people are starting to collect these coins simply because it’s become a common practice among some of the most prominent members of government. In fact, the past presidents have often been linked to military coins one way or another.

Bill Clinton is famous for having a collection of challenge coins displayed on the credenza behind his desk in the oval office. His portrait, which hangs in the White House, even has these coins in the background.

Some of the basics of maintaining coin collections

Those out there who plan to collect coins better learn how to maintain them before they even start to collect. It is extremely important to learn and understand the basics of coin maintenance.

A person can have the most extensive challenge coin collection in the world, but still fail to keep such collectibles in pristine condition throughout the years. Time is usually a coin’s main enemy. Over time, everything will eventually suffer some form of deterioration.

There are, however, certain environmental factors that can contribute to a coin’s deterioration. Humidity and exposure to air are just some of the few things that can ruin a coin’s condition. It is strongly advised for would-be collectors to read up on these things in order to avoid them and take the steps necessary to prevent coin deterioration. Keeping this sort of thing in mind is important for anyone who plans to collect military coins.

How to Sell Garden City New York Real Estate

Owners of Garden City New York real estate have the option to sell their properties at the appropriate time. Whatever the reason for the sale, it is important to reach a substantial deal that spells profit (at the very least) for the owner. Property sellers should keep in mind that the property should be sold as soon as possible after it is placed in the real estate market. The longer it stays there, the lesser the possibility for owners to have a good deal. Here are some of the ways on how to sell Garden City New York real estate.

Aim to sell a clean house because a dirty one just does not sell. Whenever there are prospective buyers that make appointments to view the house, invest time, effort, and even money to make the house tidy and fundamentally clean. This is one investment that goes a long way in selling your piece of Garden City New York real estate.

Real EstateConduct an open house for your property. This is a good way to spread the word, generate buzz, and draw more people into looking at the house. Conduct the open houses during non-working hours so that it will be convenient for prospective buyers. This also makes sure that they are not busy when looking at the property so that they can make better decisions and not be distracted by other things.

Invest in repairing all the things and areas that need repair before selling the house. Not all buyers will yield to the need for additional repairs even if the house is so attractive. Having a house that is functional can definitely add value to it. It is a great way to sell it compared to having to hide all those areas that need repair. Therefore, have the necessary repairs carried out even before putting the house in the market.

Make sure that prospective buyers will be pleased with what they will see and smell during the open house. The senses of sight and smell are so remarkable that they leave a big impression that can affect people’s purchasing decisions. Thus, don’t take chances. Put fresh flowers in strategic areas or a bowl of fruits on the dining room table.

Be thorough with the property sale’s information campaign. Aside from the open houses, make sure that information about the house along with its interior and exterior pictures is disseminated to as many real estate agents as possible. Submit it to real estate listings online or use social networking sites to spread the news about the property sale. This is also a good venue to answer questions regarding the property and make more contacts in process.

List down all the things that need to be done in the process of purchasing a home and share this information to a prospective buyer. The seller can definitely help in guiding the next owner with mortgage rates, breakdown of payments, interest, and other matters that buyers may still not know. One can even go the extra mile and suggest names of suppliers and companies that the next owner might need to know when he or she moves into the house. It doesn’t have to be forced information but little tips and suggestions as a way of selling the property. This information coming from the owner makes the property more valuable because it establishes goodwill between the two parties.

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The Creation of Printed Circuit Boards

A printed circuit board may be one of the most fundamental parts of an electronic machine. This card is important as it keeps everything going. A simple printed circuit board actually keeps an electronic equipment or machine going by manufacturing the electricity on it. PCB is basically a card or a board with wires and components that come in different colors. Circuit board may look so complex on the first glance, but the truth is, anyone can create their own – even those who have little knowledge about electronics and all the terminologies used.

Here is a brief explanation of steps on how a circuit board may be made:

First, there is the design. Talking about the design of the printed circuit board, it is not actually for the aesthetic feels. The circuit boards have their own respective designs depending on the needed formation and connection of the components and the wires. One has to design the circuit board first before manufacturing it. How do they do it? First, engineers develop only prototypes of the boards and once the circuit is established, they can already start doing the board pattern. Most of the time, the design created by the engineer for the needed printed circuit board is sent to the factory where all the components and the wires are connected and put together in one board.

Printed circuit boardSecond is the drilling part. The drilling machine plays a big part in creating the circuit boards because the first part of the manufacturing process starts when the technician puts a batch of raw PC boards into it. Then, what does the drilling machine do to the PC boards? In this process, all the boards, which are made of the glass-epoxy type with a copper foil on both sides, are being marked with all the data needed on the board. For example, the company name, the part designation and all the important information needed. All these data are silk-screened on the surface of the board in color white. Also, the drilling machine bores holes on the areas in which the wires and the components will be added.

Third, patterning. Before putting anything else on the board, the circuit pattern is being printed on the copper side of the board. It may be done photographically or with the use of silk-screening. This part is called the “resist” because the entire pattern of the soon to be circuit board is actually printed using a chemically resistant ink.

Fourth, the board is being etched. In etching, the board is being dipped in a corrosive solution that would dissolve the exposed copper. With this, all the needed pattern for the circuit board on the copper side, which are technically printed using the resist, will remain. In etching, all the needed circuit board parts remain and they are now called as the circuit board traces. After this procedure, the resist may already be washed off and the board would turn out to be a shiny clean copper.

Fifth is loading in which the parts are already placed on the board. This process is done in different ways depending on the manufacturer. In big companies, they do it with a machine while on small companies, everything is laid manually.

Sixth, the board is then soldered. A solder paste, with the help of a stencil, coats all the component side of the board. The board then will run on an oven. With this, the solder paste will be molten and all the component parts will be fixed.

Lastly, the board goes under inspection to make sure that it works the way it needs to be. This process is done by connecting the printed circuit board to a test fixture. Boards which have flaws are discarded.